Diversidad de comunidades fúngicas aisladas de tejidos sintomáticos de la uvilla (Physalis peruviana) en los Andes Ecuatorianos

  • Wagner Chaves Acuña

Resumen

Utilizamos métodos cultivo-dependientes para evaluar la ocurrencia y diversidad de comunidades fúngicas que habitan en tejido foliar sintomático de uvilla (Physalis peruviana) en cuatro localidades del norte de los Andes ecuatorianos. Categorizamos los aislados basándonos en las características morfológicas de los cultivos obtenidos in vitro, los cuales identificamos al secuenciar la región de ADNr ITS. En total, recuperamos un total de 75 hongos ascomycetos que comprendían 13 géneros y 20 taxa. Encontramos que la mayoría de hongos recuperados de tejidos necróticos o cloróticos pertenecían al género Alternaria. Otros taxa que encontramos con frecuencia fueron Epicoccum, Diaporthe y Xylaria. A nuestro conocimiento, este es el primer estudio en reportar la micobiota asociada a plantas de P. peruviana que presenten hojas con síntomas de enfermedad, de la cual reportamos 2 géneros de hongos nuevos para el Ecuador. Esperamos que nuestros resultados provean información útil para futuros estudios sobre control biológico aplicado a cultivos comerciales en los trópicos.

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Publicado
2019-11-18
Sección
Artículos científicos